Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is a progressive non-surgical healing treatment in a variety of fields such as Orthopedics and Dentistry. PRP is also used widely in Ophthalmology for epithelial wound healing of the cornea for the last two decades.
PRP is a fraction of autologous plasma with supraphysiological concentration of platelets.
Platelets contain α granules, which comprise cytokines, growth factors and bioactive proteins essential for tissue repair and healing. Upon injury, platelets initiate blood coagulation and release growth factors that activate the healing response (PDGF/ TGF/ VEGF/ EGF etc.)
These bioactive proteins have a major role in wound healing and enhance the physiological process at the site of the injury/surgery via eye drops or clot.